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Outside the United States, many countries take the position that an

author owns the copyright to his or her work simply by virtue of having

created it; copyright protection is not conditioned on compliance with

notice or other formalities. 1 The United States, however, has historically

required copyright notice to be placed on works which are published.

Judge Friendly succinctly explained the American position: "The notice

requirement serves an important public purpose; the copyright proprietor

is protected so long and only so long as he gives effective warning to

trespassers that they are entering on forbidden ground.

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